Infrastructure in the Circular Economy
Global population growth and economic development are leading to unprecedented pressure on natural resources, including scarce materials. Circularity is the new keyword, also in the world of infrastructure. While much effort is being directed at improving the circularity of physical infrastructure assets, far less work has so far been done on the infrastructure that will be needed to support a truly circular economy in the future. How do we solve dilemmas that may arise e.g., between material and energy recovery? At what scale level can resource and material loops be closed? How do we set the right priorities? Which technologies are lacking? Which new standards may be needed? Can circularity be accomplished in a world where supranational institutions are disintegrating?